Friday, November 13, 2020

Vitamins in peanuts

Peanuts botanically named as Arachis hypogaea are consumed in many forms such as boiled peanuts, peanut oil, peanut butter, roasted peanuts, and added peanut meal in snack food, energy bars and candies.

Its role in a heart-healthy diet has warranted tremendous attention among consumer groups and within the scientific community. Peanuts are considered as a vital source of nutrients including several important vitamins.

Peanuts are a vital source for introducing most of the water-soluble vitamins into the human body along with vitamin E which is fat soluble.

*Biotin. Peanuts are one of the richest dietary sources of biotin, which is important during pregnancy. Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that serves as an essential coenzyme for five carboxylases in mammals. Biotin-dependent carboxylases catalyze the fixation of bicarbonate in organic acids and play crucial roles in the metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids and glucose.

*Niacin. Also known as vitamin B3, niacin an essential coenzyme in metabolic respiratory pathways within the mitochondria. It has been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease.

*Folate. Also known as vitamin B9 or folic acid, folate has many essential functions and is especially important during pregnancy.

*Vitamin E. Vitamin E is known as alpha-tocopherol, and is an anti-oxidative vitamin. It is associated with obstructing the formation of free radicals by preventing the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids present in consumed foods, respiratory membranes, and mitochondrial matrix in the human body.

*Thiamine. Peanuts are a good source of water-soluble vitamin thiamine (B1), which functions as a coenzyme in carbohydrate and amino acid metabolic pathways It helps your body’s cells convert carbs into energy and is essential for the function of your heart, muscles, and nervous system. This vitamin is known that deficiency of thiamine leads to beri-beri, a disease that can cause problems in the cardiovascular and central nervous system (CNS).
Vitamins in peanuts

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